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Ocimum sanctum Holy basil Kemangi  Lamiaceae 


Ocimum sanctum, Holy basil,  Lamiaceae, kemangi

A tropical, much branched, annual herb, up to 18 inches tall; it grows into a low bush.
The tulsi or holy basil, considered sacred by the Hindus, has small leaves with a strong smell and purple flowers.
There are two varieties: a red - and a green one.
Red holy basil has a stronger smell.
This plant, originally from India.
Medical use: Leaves used as sedative, lactagog, diuretic, emmenagogue, carminative, laxative and antipyretic. Seed made into emollient while aerial part as expectorant and diaphoretic.