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Solanum erianthum Tobacco tree Tembako utan Solanaceae


Solanum erianthum, Tobaccotree, Solanaceae, Tembako utan

Synonyms/: Solanum verbascifolium.
An unarmed shrub or small tree with a dense indumentum of soft stellate hairs, stem up to 20 cm in diameter. Leaves simple, ovate-elliptical, margin entire or slightly wavy, base rounded to cuneate, apex acute to acuminate. Fruit globose, 8-12 mm in diameter, pubescent, dull yellow when ripe. Seeds many, compressed, 1-2 mm in diameter.
Medical use: The leaves act as an abortifacient and are considered a potent medicine for expelling all impurities through the urine, and in particular to treat leucorrhoea. Pounded leaves are poulticed to treat piles, haemorrhoids and scrofula. Heated leaves are applied as a cream to the forehead against headache. A decoction of the leaves is drunk against vertigo; an infusion of the plant is used for a bath after childbirth. A decoction from the roots is applied to treat violent pains all over the body or to relieve digestive troubles; it is also given to treat dysentery, diarrhoea and fever. In Papua New Guinea, the plant is used internally to treat stomach-ache and is applied externally to skin irritations and rashes. In the Solomon Islands, leaf juice is used as a rinse for sores in the mouth. S. erianthum is considered poisonous to livestock. The root bark is poisonous and can be used as an antiphlogistic and against arthritis. Food: The fruits can be eaten when cooked.